1993 Rwanda Peace Agreement

Author: Georald Camposano | November 27th, 2020

Document 18 Date: 19. August 1993 By: U.S. Embassy in Kigali An: U.S. Secretary of State Subj: The Rwanda Peace Process: Problems and Prospects for Implementation of the Peace Agreement Source: Freedom of Information Act Document Request 29 Date: 27 January 1993 From: Belgian Embassy in Kigali An: Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Brussels Subj: Visit to President Habyarimana Es gave a record of the presence of foreign troops in Rwanda in Uganda , RPF, rushed to northern Rwanda and appears to have made a profit against the pro-French regime in October 1990. According to one report, it is estimated that 300 French troops, 600 Belgian paratroopers and 500 soldiers from the Democratic Republic of Congo appeared to have foiled a possible attack on the capital.1 The presence of these foreign troops became controversial issues between the government and the rebels during the peace process, That is why the 1992 N`sele ceasefire agreement and the 1993 agreement on the integration of the armed forces of both foreign parties provided for the withdrawal of the armed forces two foreign states in 1992. Troops. In February 1993, the FRP spokesman in the northern town of Byumba accused French troops of helping government soldiers dig trenches and use cannons.2 France`s presence in Rwanda continued when the French Foreign Ministry confirmed that the reinforcement of the 150 French paratrooper contingent had been sent to Rwanda to “protect French citizens living in this African country.” 3 According to one report, France confirmed its 800-strong contingent deployed to Rwanda to protect French nationality, but the rebel movement had accused foreign troops, including the French, of fighting on the government`s side.4 According to the Human Rights Watch report, France simultaneously held up to 1,100; And when the Rwandan army grew from less than 10,000 to more than 30,000 soldiers, the French trained both fighters and soldiers who, in turn, were to serve as instructors for others.5 At the end of 1993, there was no report on the withdrawal of foreign troops from Rwanda. With regard to the ceasefire by which the parties agreed to a “ceasefire, the ceasefire will enter into force on 31 July 1992 at midnight (Rwanda time) ” and will mark the agreement to “finalize the mechanisms and conclusions agreed in accordance with the peace agreement, no later than 10 January 1993”. 2. conclusion of political negotiations and signing of the peace agreement by 10 October 1992; The Arusha Accords created a transitional National Assembly on several sides to replace the One-party National Development Council. After taking power, the RPF established a National Transitional Assembly, established on 25 November 1994. Of the 70 seats in the National Assembly, RPF 19, MDR 13, PSD 13, PL 13, PDC 6, PSR two, PDI two and the last two were allocated to other parties.1 The 11 seats of the MRND were divided between different parties, but six seats were retained for the army, a decision that Arusha had not anticipated. This multi-page Transitional National Assembly continued until the composition of the Assembly was rebalanced.

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