What does this mean for Mexico? By ratifying the agreement, the Mexican government has officially committed to meeting the climate targets proposed last March, in the run-up to the December 2015 COP in Paris. Indeed, the “determined national contribution” (or INDC) that the government had presented is no longer “intentional” but is now a formal objective and the country (like all those who ratify the Paris Agreement) must comply. Despite the planned 2020 emissions reduction following the pandemic, Mexico will not keep its 2020 promise. Our analysis also suggests that Mexico must implement additional strategies to achieve its unconditional and conditional NDC targets by 2030, although the lower limit of the current policy field is very close to the NDC`s insufficient unconditional objective in Mexico. Mexico was directly inspired by the UK Climate Change Act, which requires a 34% reduction in national greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 (compared to 1990 emission levels). In early June, the UK government promised a new “net zero” commitment by 2050. Since 2013, Mexico has continued to report its historic emissions at a higher level than the already high emissions forecasts under the NDC baseline, which was introduced in 2016. We estimate that Mexico`s emissions based on the projected decline in GDP due to COVID-19 in 2020 will be 13% – 14% lower than before the pandemic. This reduction in emissions cannot be considered sustainable if the government does not implement sustainable measures to encourage the structural changes needed to transition to a low-carbon economy as part of the country`s COVID-19 stimulus package. The University of Dundee provides funding as a member of The Conversation UK.
Thomas L Muinzer received a Global Challenges Research Fund Mobility Award for research in Mexico. Enter the recently elected President Obrador, who is currently widening this worrying gap between law and action. The Mexican government has long had an i-say-you-do trend that descends from the presidency – a tradition that has been reinforced by recent elections. Mexican presidential administrations run for six years (they are not renewable) and the current president is only warmed up. Note that this list contains countries in South America, Central America and Mexico and excludes Caribbean countries. According to a 2018 Mexican government report, the gas that emits the most from Mexico is carbon dioxide with 71% of emissions, then methane with 21%. “Of the total emissions, 64% were fossil fuel consumption; 10% come from livestock systems; 8% came from industrial processes; 7% were spent on waste management; 6% of volatile emissions from oil, gas and mining production and 5% come from agricultural activities,” the government statement said. As Mexico has played a leading role in climate, it has made significant efforts to update and harmonize the national regulatory framework with the commitments set out in the Paris Agreement, which refer to global targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius. Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
Certainly, the general law has been shaken and shaken by violent political winds since its creation under the presidency of Felipe Calderén. Given the negative effects of the economic recession and unrest, the alleged crackdown on the press, which ended in November 2012, was far from smooth.